Breast cancer is a disease of the breast which develops in men and women. It is also a very dangerous disease that anyone who knows how deadly it is would not see just as a mere disease. Its fatality has succeeded in making it compulsory for every woman to be highly sensitive to any sign that could possibly be linked to it and the rate at which it is becoming so rampant today has made it compulsory, even for every man who has female relatives to take up the responsibility of reminding them to protect themselves against it.
Breast cancer stages are based on whether the cancer is invasive or non-invasive, whether the lymph nodes have been affected, whether the cancer cells have already spread beyond the breast, and the size of the tumor. The purpose of identifying the stage in breast cancer is to organize the different factors and features of the cancer. In organizing the factors involved, the prognosis or the most likely outcome of the disease will be identified. The doctor can also provide the patient with the best treatment guide for the disease.
One of the biggest and most exciting advances in recent history in the fight against breast cancer is a drug called Herceptin. (Trastuzumab) The drug has shown to be very successful against certain types of advanced breast cancers. Some more recent clinical trials have shown that herceptin may also be successful against certain types of earlier stage breast cancers. Herceptin has been approved for use in 1998 by the FDA.
Breast cancer mainly affects women. It is also one of the leading causes of female mortality. It forms in the tissues of the breast, either in the ducts. The pink ribbon is the internationally recognized symbol for breast cancer awareness. One of the most important things that a survivor of this disease can receive is support. Support can be from family members, friends or from other survivors. Support groups usually provide empathy, empowerment and compassion for survivors.
Stage 2 cancer of the breast varies into 2 types, which are stage IIA and stage IIB respectively. The 5 year breast cancer survival rate for stage 2 breast carcinoma varies depending on the size of the tumor and whether or not the malignant cells have spread towards the lymph nodes of the breast.
Ductal cancer has a pre-invasive stage known as breast ductal carcinoma in situ. Once the cancer cells invade the basement membrane of the breast and penetrate the underlying supportive tissue, it is then called invasive ductal cancer. These cancers often lead to the formation of fibrous tissue within the breast that shows on a mammogram with stellate structure. Once large enough to be felt on palpation, a lump of this origin is quite firm in relation to the surrounding breast tissue.
Breast cancer prevention is important for women to learn about, especially since breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women. The American Cancer Society’s web site reports that over two-hundred thousand women were diagnosed with this disease in 2006 and there are over two million women in the United States who have received treatment for breast cancer. With numbers this staggering, preventing cancer should be a priority for all women.
Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging (DITI) has the potential to be a helpful tool in the detection of cancerous tissue in the human body. Advocates suggest that it could be used in addition to mammography (using x-ray images) because it does not emit radiation and can spot problem areas long before an x-ray image can reveal cancerous activity.
Breast cancer is considered as a killer disease and it is known to be the top cause of cancer death among women. According to American cancer society, about 1.3 million new breast cancer cases are diagnosed on an annual basis which includes 465,000 deaths. In order to successfully tackle this devastating disease, we must encourage innovative scientists to study cancer at its most basic level. In other words, breast cancer research work should be conducted at its molecular level. Also, besides the governments, private organizations should provide flexible funding to scientists who will be conducting breast cancer research work. Proper funding of breast cancer research projects; can not only lead to better prevention strategies but it can also help towards earlier diagnostic techniques and new anticancer drugs and treatments.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Numerous cancer researches have been done to understand the disease better. In women, breast cancer is the second most common cancer next to lung cancer. There are millions of affected women in the world and 200,000 more will be diagnosed with the disease in 2007. Current statistics show that breast cancer claims the life of 1 woman every 13 minutes. It would be really beneficial if there is higher awareness on breast cancer. Knowing about the disease, its causes, symptoms, treatment and management, will greatly help patients and families of these patients understand the disease better.